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Friday, July 19, 2013

Salutations to my guru 02: dAsashrEShTa Sri puraMdaradAsa

dAsashrEShTa shri puraMdaradAsa(1484-1564)
Shree. purandara dAsa is respectfully extolled with honor, pride and pleasure as the "Great father of karnaTaka shAstrIya samgIta" [karnAtaka shAtrIya samgIta pitAmahaH]
Few of his many greatest gifts to mankind, stated briefly are:

  • Created an easy to pick up routes of understanding, of the subtle and abstract concepts of the vEdOpanishads, for the common public; by seamlessly and effortlessly weaving them in his kruthis composed in simple language in kannaDa and many a times also in samskruta. His compositions ranged in forms of:
    • dEvaranAma
    • suLAdi
    • ugAbhOga
    • pada
  • He also devised the teaching methodology and structured the learning of karnunATaka classical music (that is karunATaka shAstrIya samgIta). He introduced the rAga mAyAmALavagowLa as the standard in learning carnatic music, before which rAga shankarAbharaNa was widely in use. 
His kruthis contain multiple layers of meaning, the innermost layer which explains the truth contained in the vEdas. The outer layer generally tells of some societal issue or about human qualities or superfially talks about the greatness of GOD, but as our (reader's) maturity, spiritual quotient and experience grows, the kruthi itself takes a new deeper meaning, which is more profound, elegant and deeper than the superficial meaning contained therein. He impregnated into simple songs in composed in simple and common words; the profound, subtle, deep, abstract and hard to realize truth of the vEdas. Thus, his kruthis (Please note, a kruthi refers to any composition, either poetic or non-poetic in nature, it does'nt necessarily mean only as a song) represent the truth contained in the vEdas. Shri. vyAsarAja swAmigaLu collectively called the works of Shree PuraMdara dAsa, as "PurandarOpanishad", meaning "purandarasya upanishad" that is, "upanishad of PurandaradAsa" and composed on him, saying "dAsareMdare puraMdara dAsarayya" in kannaDa (meaning puraMdaradAsa represents dAsakula).

In reference to the deep rooted aupanishadIya meanings and truths in Shri. puraMdara dAsa's compositions, Shri. vyAsarAja swAmigaLu collectively called his works as "puraMdarOpanishat", (ಪುರಂದರೋಪನಿಷತ್, पुरंदरॊपनिषत् ), which literally translates (lexically) as "upanishat of puraMdara (ಪುರಂದರರ ಉಪನಿಷತ್ತು, पुरंदरस्य उपनिषत्)". 
मन्मनॊभीष्ट वरदं सर्वाभीष्ट फलप्रदं ।
पुरंदर गुरुं वंदॆ दासश्रॆष्टं दयानिधिं ॥

ದಾಸರೆಂದರೆ ಪುರಂದರದಾಸರಯ್ಯ ||ಪ||
ವಾಸುದೇವ ಕ್ರಿಷ್ಣನ ಸೂಸಿ ಪೂಜಿಸುವ ||ಅ.ಪ||
ನೀತಿಯೆಲ್ಲವನರಿತು ನಿಗಮವೇದ್ಯನ ನಿತ್ಯ
ವಾತಸುತನಲ್ಲಿಹನ ವರ್ಣಿಸುತಲಿ
ಗೀತನರ್ತನದಿಂದ ಕ್ರಿಷ್ಣನ ಪೂಜಿಸುವ
ಪೂತಾತ್ಮ ಪುರಂದರದಾಸರಿವರಯ್ಯ|| - shri vyAsarAja yatigaLu (puraMdara dAsara gurugaLu)

=============================== ದಾಸಶ್ರೇಷ್ಟರಾದ ಪುರಂದರದಾಸರು ಹ್ರುದಯಸಮುದ್ರವಾಕಲಕಿ
ಅಲ್ಲಡಗಿರುವ ಶ್ರೀಹರಿಯ ತೋರುತಿಹಲು
ಪಾಮರರು ಭವಬಂಧನಗಳಾನೊಡೆದು
ತಮ್ಮ ಹ್ರುದಯಕಮಲದಾಸಮುದ್ರದಲಿ
ಈಜಿನೆನೆದು ಶ್ರೀಹರಿಯೆಂಬೋ ನಾಮದ ಮುತ್ತನಾರಿಸಿ
ಅಲ್ಲಿರುವ ಶ್ರೀಹರಿಯ ಬೆಳಕಿನಲಿ ಶ್ರೀ ಹರಿಯನು ನೋಡವಾ ಬದಲು
ಹಣಹೆಣಮಣ್ಪೆಣ್ಗಳನೇ ನೋಡುತ ಸಂತೋಶದಿಂ ಹಿಗ್ಗುತ 

ಈಜಾಡುತಿಹರಯ್ಯ ತಮ್ಮಂತರಂಗದ ಕಗ್ಗತ್ತಲಿನಲ್ಲಿ 
- swaMta sAhitya

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